Numerous external experts support her account of police indifference, even though they—rather than focusing on cultural reasons—more often cite inadequate staffing and equipment, unprofessionalism, and inexperience as major problems 99— Rodriguez herself identifies failures, oversights, and sloppiness in almost every murder case she investigates more closely.
Yet it is more than mere incompetence and indifference that Rodriguez charges the Mexican police with. When Talamantes pressed charges against the officers involved, her family started to receive threatening phone calls; in the end a judge dismissed all charges and set all officers free In addition, she recounts in detail the obstacles faced by the small number of incorruptible Mexican and foreign officials who were called in for help at various moments.
Numerous times, he states, his reports and findings were rejected or silenced by his superiors Maynez suspects that this was an attempt by Mexican authorities to respond to public pressure to produce a solution to the crimes This precarious situation is also shared by foreign officials. Eduardo Muriel, a criminologist from Mexico City, resigned after only one week because he was not permitted to visit any of the crime scenes, see forensic lab results, or talk to the witnesses questioned — These attempts to discourage external investigations and fabricate false evidence are complemented by widespread accounts of torture.
Almost all suspects who were arrested for the murders at some point were allegedly tortured into confessing 66, , — The major reason behind these shocking reports of manipulation and torture, according to Rodriguez, is rampant corruption. This is confirmed by a United Nations report released in qtd. Toward the end of her account, Rodriguez brings her readers up to date on the current state of arrests. One of the bus drivers is found dead in his cell after an unnecessary hernia operation.
In another bus driver is convicted of eight murders and sentenced to fifty years in prison but acquitted for lack of evidence after an intervention of the Mexican president in Rodriguez — During the same year six members of Los Rebeldes and four members of Los Toltecas were found guilty, based on confessions made under torture — Combined with a sometimes excessive repetition of specific ideas articulated by two of her most important interview partners, Sharif and Maynez, this lack of documentation detracts from an otherwise rightfully shocking and provocative narrative.
Mexican-born director and producer Lourdes Portillo has concentrated most of her artistic endeavors to date on an exploration of women living in the U. Yet because Portillo is convinced that no one can be trusted, her documentary focuses on what in her view constitutes the only reliable source of information: the testimonies of those victims who survived, as well as the testimonies of the family members of those victims who did not. In so doing, Portillo, like Rodriguez, tries to redeem the victims and, in addition, to give voice to many of the most recent feminist positions referred to above—even though Portillo herself refrains from exploring the socio-cultural reasons for this blatant misogyny on the part of Mexican authorities.
Desert Blood: The Juarez Murders - Alicia Gaspar de Alba - Google книги
While Portillo alludes to a range of different theories throughout her documentary the Egyptian Abdel Latif Sharif Sharif, an unknown serial killer possibly crossing over into Mexico from the United States, Los Rebeldes, and Los Toltecas , her central focus lies on publicizing the corruption of Mexican authorities.
Police corruption is highlighted throughout her documentary in the form of providing information about how the police for a long time ignored similarities between different murder cases and destroyed valuable evidence. While she brings her case to trial, none of the police officers is ultimately convicted. The movie focuses on the U. While both Rodriguez and Portillo had focused almost exclusively on highlighting the complicity and corruption of Mexican authorities and thus insisted that the solution to the crimes had to be found in Mexico, Gregory Nava from the start places the transnational nature of these crimes center stage.
When Eva gets brutally raped by two men but is able to escape alive and subsequently wants to testify against the perpetrators, she is persecuted by the Mexican police and others who try to silence her. In the course of the movie, Lauren begins to identify with Eva by reflecting on her own background as the daughter of migrant workers, who saw her mother die at an early age, her father getting shot, and who had to work in an orange grove, exposed to pesticides, in order to make ends meet.
Investigating the murders and talking to Eva ultimately allows Lauren to reconnect with her past which she had previously denied , a development that is symbolically illustrated by her change of haircolor from an artificial blonde back to her original black. Like all representations of the femicides discussed in this essay, the movie Bordertown also presents a combination of different theories on the escalation of the murders. The impression the film creates is that absolutely no Mexican authorities can be trusted. In other words, Bordertown suggests that, as long as both Mexican and U.
The entire family belongs to both the United States and the Mexican jet set. Senator Rowlings rub shoulders with high-ranking Mexican state officials.
In a dramatic scene, Eva recognizes her own rapist, the wealthy Ariz Rodriguez, among the party guests as well. This reference to the involvement of high U. In this way, the movie suggests, transnational corporate interests dominate the political agenda of both the United States and Mexico, and these powerful transnational actors will use their financial clout to prevent anyone from interfering. For this reason, the film ends with Eva testifying in court while at the same time taking justice into her own hands and setting fire to her rapist because no officials on the U.
Eva takes over his newspaper to continue her single-handed struggle against the authorities, aided by Lauren, who, disgusted by the corruption entrenched in U. In this way Bordertown ends with a very strong transnational feminist message: two courageous women from either side of the U.
In she brought together state-of-the-art analyses of the background of the femicides in her collection of essays Making a Killing , while in she published a fictionalized mystery novel titled Desert Blood on the same topic. But also the fictional perpetrators identified at the end of the novel have, according to Gaspar de Alba, links to both sides of the border: Irene was kidnapped by a transborder porn and snuff film ring, whose members are a mixed group of Mexicans and Texans, who move the bus in which they keep their victims back and forth across the U.
In addition, Desert Blood also highlights an otherwise little-discussed fact, namely that the victims are not only poor Mexican girls but also American ones 23, , a fact which is frequently concealed by U. For Gaspar de Alba, the transnational dimension of these crimes constitutes one of the main reasons for their continuation as well as the concomitant silence and inaction on the parts of authorities and the media on both sides of the border. Ivon, for example, is repeatedly struck by the pervasive silence surrounding these crimes, not only in Mexico but also in the United States, and the fact that, even as an El Paso native, she has not heard of them before.
She learns that transborder non-profit organizations such as the U. Yet the problem goes beyond mere official indifference. Like Rodriguez and Portillo, Gaspar de Alba also indicates that authorities on both sides of the border are actively and directly implicated in those crimes. Gaspar de Alba also suggests that the U.
Border Patrol is actively involved as well. Captain J. Wilcox, Chief Detention Enforcement Officer, turns out to be one of the perpetrators Ivon early on suspects the complicity of the Border Patrol.
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However, when Wilcox gets shot during the U. Focusing on the link between patriarchy, sex, and pornography, the novel anticipates some of the most recent feminist analyses in interpreting these crimes as a result of a clash between an overly sexualized U. What makes the situation even worse is the fact that these gender stereotypes already seem to have been inculcated into the minds of young Mexican children. Uploaded by Tracey. Gutierres on August 15, Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet.
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- Desert Blood: The Juarez Murders | Translate This Website.
- Desert Blood: The Juárez Murders | Arte Publico Press.
From the Publisher: It's the summer of and for five years over a hundred mangled and desecrated bodies have been found dumped in the Chihuahua desert outside of Juarez, Mexico, just across the river from El Paso, Texas. The perpetrators of the ever-rising number of violent deaths target poor young women, terrifying inhabitants on both sides of the border. El Paso native Ivon Villa has returned to her hometown to adopt the baby of Cecilia, a pregnant maquiladora worker in Juarez.